In Spain, there are 46 protected geographical indications IGP o (vino de Tierra) y 68 DO (denomination de Origen)
Most of them are monovarietal some balanced with two grapes rare balanced with for grapes like in France.
Most famous are La Rioja, rias baixas, ribera des duero,Bierzo, la mancha,Valdepeñas, tierra de Castilla, Navarra, Penedes, Cataluna, Rueda, Valencia , Alicante, jumilla, jerez,Montilla de Morilles, yecla….
Spain’s wine-producing traditions date back a very long way indeed. The great variety of soil and climate has given a rise to a wide range of wines, each with its own personal stamp.
The geography and climate: central plateau (Meseta alt 600 to 1000 m surrounding by mountains)
Tree broad climate zone:
- Galician north-West coast maritime dominated by the Atlantic
- East from Cataluña north to Levente Mediterranean
- Meseta: cut off from the sea with continental climate
The appellation of origin
For being protected by an appellation of origin, wine has to be produced in the production area of this appellation.
The regulation of each appellation of origin lay down the wine’s varieties that can be grown under the given appellation, the best pruning method, the production limits per hectare, etc. In short, these regulations govern the cultivation of the wine and the production and ageing of the wines so that they are guaranteed to satisfy the most discerning consumer.
Since Spain joined the European Economic Community, Spanish wines considered by community norms to be “quality wines produced in specified regions” — v.p.r.d in Spanish initials— have been therefore effectively protected and marketed by the appellation of origin, moreover, Cava, is a quality sparkling wine produced in the specified region.
Something that it is useful to make a good note of for the real wine connoisseur : in Spain are the three methods of vinification: Crianza, Reserva y Gran Reserve.
The Methods of vinification
The Crianza is a sort of wine, which aged a minimum of twelve months in hand-crafted oak barrels (French or American oak) and a one-year minimum in a bottle. Prices are ranging from 7 to 18 €.
It’s a very unique wine which aged for more than three years with at least eighteen months in handcrafted oak barrels, aged for a minimum of two years in a bottle. Prices are from 18€ to 22€.
Gran Reserva is an exceptional vintage red wine, which aged for a minimum of five years in handcrafted oak barrels and a minimum of three years in a bottle for white and rosé four years with six months in an oak barrel and the rest in a bottle. Prices are from 25€ to 40€
Region wine no oak one or two years of ageing. Prices are from 5€ to 8€
In the” bodega of Plaza de España” Natalie select most of the mono varieties wines with “colours, perfume and the beautiful flavours of Spain” autochthones grapes and typically representative of each IGP Spanish region. From 5€ to 40€ wines are a good selection to discover the nice range of selected Spanish wines.